World leaders have gathered at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) this week to announce targets and standards to combat climate change.
Meanwhile, back in Canada, the oil and gas sector continues to demonstrate its ability to innovate and diversify operations to improve performance and reduce environmental impacts. Here are a few projects to watch:
Advanced mine-free lithium extraction
DEEP Earth Energy (DEEP) and Prairie Lithium have announced an agreement to exchange mineral permits in an effort to advance development of two clean energy resources in southeast Saskatchewan: lithium and geothermal.
Lithium is driving the battery storage market. Not only do lithium-ion batteries power most smartphones, they are also at the center of the clean energy transition with uses from electric vehicles to large-scale utility storage solutions.
Meanwhile, geothermal energy generated using water heated from deep within the earth’s crust is a proven reliable zero-emissions power source. DEEP is developing Canada’s first geothermal power project, which could be operating in early 2024.
The new agreement allows the two companies to share land footprint, with DEEP focused on geothermal resources far underground and Prairie Lithium focused on shallower lithium resources in the same area.
These mutually beneficial initiatives represent the future of responsible energy development, collaboration, and innovation by developing multiple resources from a single project.
The Alberta Carbon Grid
Pembina and TC Energy announced a joint plan to develop a carbon transportation and sequestration system capable of transporting 20 million tonnes of carbon dioxide captured by third parties annually, the equivalent of taking over four million cars off the road each year.
Existing pipeline systems will be retrofitted along with a few new builds and gathering systems to connect the oil sands to a sequestration hub in central Alberta. The use of existing assets is expected to accelerate project timing and reduce cumulative environmental and community impacts.
Initial studies of the selected reservoir show that it will be capable of sequestering more than two trillion tonnes of carbon dioxide.
The Alberta Carbon Grid is expected to be a solution offering many sectors expanded emissions reductions based on its connections to multiple industrial hubs.
Pembina and TC Energy are targeting the first phase to be operational as early as 2025.
Calgary-based ATCO Group is building the largest solar installation in a major urban center in Western Canada.
Through the company’s recent investment in Canadian Utilities Limited, ATCO will build two solar installations in Calgary and further diversify its energy portfolio.
Together, the combined Deerfoot and Barlow solar projects will hold 175,000 solar panels, covering the equivalent of 170 Canadian football fields, generating enough renewable electricity to power more than 18,000 homes and offset 68,000 tonnes of carbon per year.
Royal Helium Ltd. Ogema block
Royal Helium has commenced drilling its first helium well in southeastern Saskatchewan, the first program of its kind in the area.
Helium cannot be replaced in many of its uses, some of which include cryogenic applications – the cooling of superconducting magnets in MRIs, leak detection for rocket propulsion systems (NASA), deep sea diving gases, and a party favourite: balloons.
Drilling for helium is nearly identical to the process of drilling for natural gas, allowing for the transfer of knowledge from the oil and gas industry, and benefitting from an abundance of idle rigs in North America.
With stable, rising prices and limited, non-renewable sources for helium worldwide, Royal intends to become a leading North American producer of this valuable commodity.
Hydrogen for zero-emission trucking
The companies intend to accelerate the adoption of heavy-duty zero-emission fuel cell vehicles (FCEVs) and hydrogen across industrial sectors by establishing hubs in key geographic locations.
The collaboration aims for the hubs to produce at least 150 tonnes of hydrogen per day near highly travelled corridors. This will serve Nikola’s planned need for hydrogen to fuel its FCEVs within the next five years.
TC Energy will leverage existing pipeline, storage, and power assets to lower the cost and increase speed of delivery. These assets may also be used to deliver carbon dioxide to sequestration sites, decarbonizing the hydrogen production process.
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